- What is Unclaimed Property?
Unclaimed Property is a financial asset owed to an
individual or business. Property is considered "unclaimed"
when there has been no owner contact with the property for a
set period of time, usually three or more years, depending
upon property type.
Unclaimed property includes, but
is not limited to, un-cashed checks, bank deposits -
savings, checking, Certificates of Deposit (CD's), etc.,
securities, mutual funds, forgotten telephone or utility
deposits, insurance benefits and payroll checks. Unclaimed
property also consists of the value of the contents of safe
deposit boxes, such as tangible property (jewelry, for
example), cash and savings bonds.
Unclaimed Property Division does not accept real property
(such as land, cars, or boats), gift cards, or gift
- Why does the state have to get involved?
Connecticut law requires the holders of unclaimed
property, such as banks, credit unions, insurance companies,
utilities and businesses, to report and remit those assets
annually to the Office of the Treasurer, which safeguards
the property until the rightful owner comes forward and
claims it. The owners or heirs then have a single source
where they can locate all unclaimed funds.
- Who must report Unclaimed Property?
Any person or entity in possession of property (subject
to the Unclaimed Property Law) which belongs to another, is
deemed a holder of unclaimed property, and must report that
property to the state of the owner's last known address. All
holders, whether located in Connecticut or other states,
must report to the State of Connecticut any unclaimed
property in their possession that is owed to Connecticut
residents. Holders incorporated in Connecticut must also
report all unknown property to Connecticut. (Generally,
holders should remit all unknown property to their state of
All holders are responsible for filing reports on behalf of their branches, divisions or affiliates. Other legal entities including state, county, and city governments, political subdivisions, public authorities, public corporations, estates, trusts or any other legal or commercial entities are also required to report unclaimed property.
If you have nothing to report to the State of CT for any
given year, you must file a Negative Report if you meet the
Negative Reporting criteria.
- What is Negative Reporting - nothing to report?
If your Company is incorporated in Connecticut, or a
Connecticut based business, you must file a report every
year even if your Company has nothing to report. If you have
nothing to report, this is called a "Negative Report."
If your Company is not incorporated in Connecticut or a
Connecticut based business, and your Company has nothing to
report in Connecticut, you do not need to submit a Negative
- How do you file a Negative Report?
- Send a letter on Company letterhead with the name of the Company, federal tax identification number, the year of the report, and the statement that your Company has no property to report for this year. The letter must be signed by an officer of the Company and their signature properly notarized.
- Some electronic unclaimed property software programs allow for negative reports and may be submitted as long as they are properly signed
and notarized; the electronic copies of the report are
NOT acceptable by Connecticut.
- Connecticut requires that all "Negative Reports" be
paper copies and originally signed by an officer of the
Company and properly notarized.
- Does Connecticut have provisions for Voluntary Compliance in reporting Unclaimed Property?
Connecticut does not have a formal Voluntary Compliance
process. The Office of the Treasurer encourages companies to
voluntarily report. To discuss the voluntarily compliance
process, please email
- Do I need a Holder Number assigned before submitting a report?
No, the Connecticut Office of the Treasurer will assign a
holder number to your report upon submission to our office.
Numbers are assigned by Federal Tax ID number. NOTE: If the
name of your company has changed since the prior year's
report, but your tax ID number did not change, please send a
letter stating the old name of the company, tax ID number,
and the new name of the company. This letter may accompany
your holder report.
- What is the date that the unclaimed property report is due to the Office of the Treasurer?
Unclaimed property holder reports are due to the Office
of the Treasurer within 90 days after the presumption of
abandonment. Property in Connecticut is presumed abandoned
as of December 31st of each year. Reports not submitted on a
timely basis will be considered late and late fees and/or
penalties may be levied as directed by state law.
- Is there a late fee or penalty assessed if the report is not filed on time?
Per Sec. 3-65b (a) of the Connecticut General Statutes,
Holder Reports not submitted on a timely basis will be
considered late and late fees and/or penalties may be levied
as directed by state law.
Reports must be filed with
the Office of the Treasurer within 90 days after the
presumption of abandonment. Property in CT is presumed
abandoned as of December 31st of each year.
- Can a company request an extension if they cannot file on time?
Yes. A company may request an extension to submit the
holder report with our office. A company must complete the
extension request form on our website and have it approved
by the Assistant Deputy Treasurer PRIOR to the due date. An
originally signed document must be received to be
An extension will NOT be granted to
companies who failed to complete due diligence requirements,
as set forth in state law. A copy of the extension request
form must accompany the holder report upon it's delivery to
the Office of the State Treasurer.
- What is the property code to be used for reporting unclaimed property?
CT utilizes the property codes prescribed by NAUPA, the National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators. Codes used in CT may be found on
our website, under the link entitled "Property Codes with Dormancy Periods by Category."
- What is the mailing address for unclaimed property holder reports?
Anytime within 90 days after the presumption of abandonment - December 31, 2018, holders should send
the following information to our lockbox:
- Check (payable to: Treasurer, State of Connecticut, Unclaimed Property)
- Cover sheet (signed by company officer and properly
- CD-ROM or Flash Drive with NAUPA report file (be sure the NAUPA
file is on the CD or Flash Drive)
Treasurer, State of Connecticut
Unclaimed Property Division
PO Box 150435
Hartford, CT 06115-0435
NOTE: Reports are considered received on the date
the lockbox receives them. This is a lockbox at Webster Bank
and not a Post Office box with the United States Postal
Service. The lockbox accepts certified and overnight
* Last minute overnight deliveries should be sent to: Treasurer, State of Connecticut, Unclaimed Property Division, 55 Elm Street, 5th Floor, Hartford, CT 06106
If you are submitting funds via ACH or wire transfer, you will need to contact our office for the account number. Please follow all
other instructions on our website. The holder report must include confirmation of the ACH or wire transfer, and should be mailed to our lockbox.
- Can a holder send one check, ACH, or wire if they have multiple companies to report?
Yes. A holder may send one check, ACH, or wire for reporting of multiple companies. Include with the holder report either a Company letter explaining the one check, ACH, or wire or attach all applicable coversheets. Be sure that all coversheets and electronic reports are included with the check, ACH, or wire when they are sent to Connecticut.
These reports may be sent to our lockbox.
- Can a holder send an ACH or wire transfer instead of a check with their holder report?
Yes. A holder can send an ACH or wire transfer by
following the instructions on our website under
and Reporting of Cash Property.
We prefer ACHs with
a minimum of $25 and wire transfers with a minimum of
$50,000 as there is a fee assessed for each ACH or wire
We request holders attach a copy
of the ACH or wire notice with the holder report. This
process allows the ACH or wire notification to be attached
to the correct holder reports.
- Can a holder send one CD ROM
or Flash Drive if they have multiple companies to report?
Yes. As long as you indicate on Company letterhead the
names of all companies included on the CD ROM or Flash Drive, and attach
all applicable coversheets, you may send one CD ROM or Flash
Drive to cover
all companies reported. Be sure all coversheets and checks
or wire instructions are included with the CD ROM or Flash
Drive when sent
to Connecticut. These reports may be sent to our
- How should a company handle funds owed to a business, when the original holder no longer exists, for example in the case of a bank merger, and the newly formed entity has no previous owner records?
When, in the process of performing due diligence, a
holder determines the assets can no longer be returned to
the original business owner because: 1) the original owner
cannot be found; 2) the original owner is no longer a legal
entity; or 3) the original owner information is otherwise
insufficient, the property must still be reported. It may
have to be reported as "unknown". The property would be
presumed abandoned as of the current year. The holder remits
the property to the State Treasurer's Office in accordance
with the dormancy periods and reporting requirements
stipulated by state laws.
- When should holders mail due diligence letters to rightful owners?
State statutes indicate that due diligence letters are to
be mailed within one year before presumption of abandonment
(except for those properties with a one year dormancy period
when due diligence is performed within 180 days of
presumption of abandonment).
Due diligence is to be performed on all properties
irrespective of dollar amount. We recommend,
if you haven't sent out the due diligence letters in accordance with the statutory requirements,
that you send the letters in early September of the current year, to the owner's last known address. Letters should be sent via first class mail. (See due diligence sample letter
on website). There is no requirement to send the letter by certified mail. Our office recommends holders give owners at least
45 to 60 days to comply with the request to contact the holder. This way, by the beginning of December, the holder will have all the information needed to actually declare the property abandoned as of December 31st. (The owner deadline/due date to respond to your due diligence letter must be prior to the December 31 presumption of abandonment date.)
Note: Do not mail due diligence letters January 1st thru
March 31st for property you are presuming abandoned as of December 31st, and
are reporting to Connecticut on or before March 31st as you will be in
violation of Connecticut state statutes.
- Is there a minimum dollar amount for which the due diligence letter is required to be sent to owners?
No. The Connecticut statutes do not set a minimum value for sending a due diligence letter to an owner.
Due diligence is to be performed on all properties
irrespective of dollar amount.
- Is there a minimum filing amount for a holder to submit a report to Connecticut?
No, all dollar amounts which meet the unclaimed property criteria for the given year should be reported to Connecticut. There is NO minimum filing amount in Connecticut.
- Is aggregate reporting allowed in Connecticut?
No. At this time aggregate reporting is not allowed in
Connecticut. All amounts, regardless of the size, should be
reported to Connecticut with detailed owner information on
the holder report.
If you submit a holder report
with an aggregate amount, the holder is required to retain
the records for 20 years as instructed by Sec. 3-65a (h) of
the Connecticut General Statutes. You may file "unknown owners" on a
- What is considered a "contactĚ"
with an owner in Connecticut?
letters are sent out as required by statute, via first class
mail to the owner's last known address. If the owner
contacts the holder via phone conversation, email, letter,
or in person, this is considered "contact". If the
letter is returned by the post office as undeliverable,
"contact" with the owner is lost and the property is subject
to escheatment by the holder. If an owner has several
accounts within the same holder, they should be linked so
that one does not lose contact and another is still valid.
(An example: a savings account and checking account with the
same bank. They use the checking account all the time
but rarely add money to the savings account. The
savings account should not go dormant with an active
checking account for the same owner and tax id number.)
If a 1099 DIV is sent out for proceeds on a stock
transaction and the 1099 is not returned by the post office,
we consider this contact, in that the owner has received the
1099. If the 1099 is returned by the post office,
contact is lost and the property should be escheated in the
next reporting cycle.
- What is the proper method or recommended method
of reporting unclaimed property to the Office of the
Connecticut requires electronic filing of holder
reports. There are several vendors of software available
for filing the report in an electronic format. We offer a
link to the free version of HRS Pro and a link to the
UPExchange software program at Eagle Technologies on our
website. If you create the report using one of the
electronic versions - HRS Pro, UPExchange, Tracker,
Chesapeake, Apex, etc, please copy the NAUPA file onto a CD
ROM or flash drive and send it with your signed notarized
coversheet and payment. Please note: The file does not
automatically come to us electronically. The
software is stored on your computer and you must copy the
file to CD ROM or flash drive. Before sending the CD ROM or
flash drive, be certain the file is copied and in NAUPA
format. Excel, Adobe, or Word are not
Note: If you are a first time filer and you have three or
less properties to report to Connecticut, you may use the
ST77 form located on our website under the "First Time
Reporting" page. If you use this form, you do not need
to attach an additional coversheet. The ST77 form has
provisions for signature and notary. If you have four
or more individual properties, you must file using one of
the software packages referenced above and send us a CD ROM
or flash drive with the file in NAUPA format. Do not
send multiple ST77 forms to us.
What do we do with Stock Certificates, Savings Bonds, or
War/Military/Service Medals that may be found in Safe
As per instructions on our website under the bullet
labeled "Reporting and Delivery of Safe Deposit Contents",
the following should be observed:
listed in the owner's names, may be sent to the Office of
the Treasurer and we will report as safekeeping items. They
should not be included on the holder report. A separate
excel worksheet should be sent to the Office of the
Treasurer with the original stock certificates. Include on
the spreadsheet, information containing the owner details
and stock certificate details (safe deposit box owner
Savings Bonds should be sent directly
to the US Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Public
Debt. The CT Office of the Treasurer does not need to know
about them. They should not be included on the holder
War/Military/Service Medals, should be
reported to the Office of the Treasurer on a separate excel
spreadsheet with box ownership information name and
address. If possible, a picture of the medal should be sent
with the spreadsheet giving any ownership details available.
A copy of this spreadsheet with the original medals must be
sent to the CT Department of Veteran's Affairs, 287 West
Street, Rocky Hill, CT 06067. They should not be included on
the holder report.
- What is the law regarding
expiration dates applied to gift certificates?
Connecticut law abolished gift cards/gift certificates as a
type of unclaimed property in Connecticut.
Connecticut state law concerning expiration dates, and
dormancy or inactivity fees, has not changed: both
expiration dates and dormancy fees are prohibited on gift
certificates and gift cards sold in Connecticut. Consumer
more on Connecticut's Gift Card Law.
- Are Banks subject to the law
regarding dormancy fees?
Section 3-65c of the CT General Statute, clarifies that
financial institutions may not impose escheat charges or
fees with respect to abandoned property. Lawful charges
that banks may apply are stipulated by regulatory
authorities within the Department of Banking.
- How should Safe Deposit Box
contents be reported to CT's Unclaimed Property Division?
Holders should be aware of the Connecticut General
Statute Section 3-65a(j) and 3-57a(a)(5). The date for
reporting and remitting the sale proceeds and disposition of
safe deposit contents is the same time as all other
reporting of unclaimed property with the date of presumption
of abandonment as December 31st of each year. Physical
contents should be sold at auction and the proceeds received
reported on the holder report in the owner's name. After the
close of the calendar year in which the property was
presumed abandoned, a holder report with safekeeping
proceeds (cash only) should be filed within 90 days or no
later than March 31st.
- What are the guidelines to
escheat Certificates of Deposit accounts?
Owners are normally mailed a notice from the bank to
indicate the CD will automatically renew unless the bank
hears from the owner. If the owner does not respond to the
notice, the CD automatically renews. Sometimes if the notice
is returned to the holder by the Post Office, the CD has
already renewed. At this point the bank is encouraged to
note the account that the mail was returned by the Post
Office and contact was lost. This type of flag should
prevent the CD from renewing again. If return mail is
received prior to the renewal of the CD, the bank should not
renew the CD, but note the account as dormant allowing the 3
year dormancy period to toll and the property should escheat
to the state unless the owner contacts the Bank.
the end of each calendar year, a 1099 is issued to the owner
for the interest accrued during the year if appropriate. If
the 1099 is returned by the Post Office as undeliverable,
the holder assumes contact is lost and documents the account
and the CD does not renew. Once the dormancy period has been
met and the CD has matured, the property is escheated to the
Treasurer's Unclaimed Property Division.
- What are the guidelines to
escheat an IRA account?
To escheat an IRA account, the financial institution must
be certain the owner(s) of the account is 70 1/2 years of age,
a waiting period of an additional 6 months, and then the 3
year dormancy period begins, with due diligence conducted
during the last year of dormancy. So in actuality the
owner(s) age is 74 when the property is escheated to the
However, if the financial institution knows
that the owner is deceased, you can wait the 3 year dormancy
period from date of death, and escheat to us, if the
financial institution can't locate the beneficiary or the
heir. The owners date of death should be included on the
property when it is escheated.
Note: At this time,
Roth IRA's do not have an end date or mandatory distribution
date (trigger dates); therefore, Roth IRA's do not escheat
to Connecticut unless the financial institution knows the
owner is deceased.
Are Health Savings Accounts
Generally a Health Savings Account
(HSA) is a tax-exempt custodial account or a trust set up with
a qualified HSA trustee to pay or reimburse certain medical
expenses. HSAs may also be set up with mandatory
distribution dates under IRS rules. Contributions to HSAs
remain in the account until they are used by its owner.
Holders must determine the type of Health Savings
Account created, review the terms of the plan or trust
agreement, and then determine the dormancy period. For
example, does the HSA have a mandatory distribution date? If
so, what is the mandatory distribution date? In this
example, the dormancy period may be 3 years plus 6 months
after the mandatory distribution date. Or was the HSA set up
as a trust account? If so, what does the plan or trust
agreement state regarding distribution? In this type of
account the dormancy period may be 7 years because the funds
are held in a fiduciary capacity.
Based on the
complexity of these accounts Connecticut has not yet adopted
the NAUPA codes for Health Savings Accounts.
Questions for Potential Owners or Heirs)?